Each summer Calvin students apply and are hired for specific research positions that advance our research and restoration work. These students have proven to be invaluable to our work as researchers, hard workers, educators, and volunteer site leaders throughout the year.
2018 Summer Projects
Urban Habitat Restoration with Green Team High School Students
These three college students will help supervise and work alongside the Plaster Creek Stewards and Rogue River Watershed Summer Green Team, a program that employs high school students to gain experience learning how to implement and maintain green-infrastructure development projects. Responsibilities will include greenhouse and nursery management, off campus project installations, seed collecting, and planning and guiding the high school student activities. This position will afford opportunities for coordinating efforts and promote mutual understanding between high schoolers from urban Grand Rapids (Plaster Creek Green Team) and suburban and rural northern Kent County (Rogue River Watershed Green Team). Besides helping to educate high school students this work will also provide opportunities to cultivate cross-cultural relationships and practice their Spanish.
Ecological Restoration in the Plaster Creek Watershed
These two students will work closely with Ms. Deanna Geelhoed in the preparation and installation of a variety of restoration projects from small residential rain gardens to large-scale habitat restorations and bioretention basins. Additionally, these students will assist in maintaining areas that were restored in years past, and will become involved in all aspects of plant propagation from seed collecting to out-planting. This work will provide students with practical, hands-on opportunities to learn about low-impact development and green infrastructure best practices.
Experimental Approach to Restoring Native Habitats in Urban Landscapes
In this project, the student will work in Calvin’s greenhouses, tree nursery, and at sites on and off campus investigating the reintroduction of native plants and native habitats into urban areas. Part of this work will involve assessing the relative evapotranspiration success of different native plants used in urban restoration plantings. This student will also assist with other restoration projects done off campus by Plaster Creek Stewards, with particular focus on developing sampling protocol to monitor the success of these projects over time.
Geographic and Taxonomic Sourcing of Bacterial Contamination in Plaster Creek
E. coli levels in Plaster Creek consistently exceed state standards for total and partial body contact (some samples from 2014 revealed levels 50x higher than what is considered safe for partial body contact). Most of these samples were collected from the main channel of Plaster Creek, and this sampling shows large fluctuations over time. Therefore, it has been difficult to specify the primary source(s) of bacterial contamination. The goals of this project are:
- to understand the relative contributions of E. coli loading into Plaster Creek from 10 major tributaries and prioritize the five most egregious contributors;
- to identify primary taxonomic sources within the highest 5 sub-watersheds using molecular markers;
- to pinpoint E. coli loading locations in the highest 5 sub-watersheds using molecular markers and using scent-trained canines in sub-watersheds where human E. coli has been identified.
Students will also help to assemble, organize, and interpret the resulting dataset of E. coli concentrations (CFUs/100 ml), under both wet and dry conditions, from the main tributaries of Plaster Creek. An additional objective of this project will be to consolidate all known bacterial sampling data that has been done in Plaster Creek (from work done by MDEQ, WMEAC, Health Department, and Calvin University) into one cohesive data set. This standardized data set will be useful for understanding long term fluctuations and for identifying seasonal and weather-related patterns in E. coli abundance, as well as helping to identify the major entry points of bacteria into Plaster Creek.
Interns assist with watershed restoration and native habitat restoration projects in/around the Plaster Creek Watershed. Their field work includes native plant propagation and greenhouse work, seed collection, planting, and other landscape and landscape maintenance responsibilities. Additional responsibilities may also include web-design, social media outreach, watershed research, and assisting with presentations, and volunteer work days.
Student Research Posters and Papers
Green Team-Urban Ecological Restoration
Aracely Eikenberry, Stephanie Praamsma, Dr. Gail Heffner, and Dr. David Warners, Calvin College
Stormwater Capture via Green Infrastructure in the Plaster Creek Watershed
Skyler Fish, Ben Johnson, Deanna Geelhoed, Dr. Dave Warners, Calvin College
Plant Performance in Curb Cut Rain Gardens
Max DeYoung, Gregory Manni, Dr. Dave Warners, Calvin College
Curb-Cut Rain Garden Research
Patrick Jonker, and Dr. Dave Warners, Calvin College
The Green Team and the Restoration of Plaster Creek
Leira Lew, Micah Warners, Dr. Gail Heffner, and Dr. David Warners, Calvin College
Runoff Volume Reduction from SubBasins in Plaster Creek Watershed, Kent County, MI
Professor Julie Wildschut, Engineering; Dena De Kryger, Biology
Mapping Mayapple Growth in Restored Forest
Jonathan Walt, Stephanie Praamsma, Tanner Vincent, Dr. Dave Warners, Calvin College
The Green Team and the Restoration of Plaster Creek
Deanna Geelhoed and Micah Warners, Calvin College
Installation of Rain Gardens in the Alger Heights Community
Wesley Dykstra, Dena De Kryger, Mike Ryskamp, and Dr. Dave Warners, Calvin College
Hydrologic Modeling of the Effects of Stormwater Runoff in Plaster Creek Watershed
Ryan DeGroot, Professor Julie Wildschut and Professor Robert Hoeksema, Calvin College
Assessing a Reconciliation Ecology Approach to Suburban Landscaping: Biodiversity on a College Campus
Christopher Bouma, Emily Huizenga, and David Warners, Calvin College