Lee Hardy

Lee Hardy


  • PhD, Philosophy, Duquesne University, 1987
  • MA, Philosophy, University of Pittsburgh, 1981
  • MA, Philosophy, Duquesne University, 1979
  • BA, Philosophy, Trinity Christian College,1976


Professor Hardy's hobbies include urban design, graphic design and photography.

Academic interests

  • Phenomenology
  • Early Modern Philosophy
  • Cultural History of Urbanism


“One Table or Two? Scientific Anti-Realism and Husserl’s Phenomenology.” Continental Philosophy Review 54:1 (2021), 1-16.

“Physical Things, Ideal Objects, and Theoretical Entities: The Prospects of a Husserlian Phenomenology of Physics,” in Phenomenological Approaches to Physics, edited by Harald Wiltsche and Philipp Berghofer (Cham, Switzerland: Springer Nature, 2020), pp. 135-155.

“The Deity Figured and Disfigured: Hume on Philosophical Theism and Vulgar Religion,” in Models of God and Alternative Ultimate Realities, edited J. Diller and A. Kasher (Dordrecht: Springer Science+Business Media, 2013), pp. 695-703.

“Hume’s Defense of True Religion,” in The Persistence of the Sacred in Modern Thought, edited by Nathan Jacobs and Chris Firestone (South Bend: University of Notre Dame Press, 2012), pp. 251-272.

“Kant’s Reidianism: the Role of Common Sense in Kant’s Epistemology of Religious Belief,” in Kant’s Moral Metaphysics: God, Freedom, and Immortality, edited by Benjamin Bruxvoort Lipscomb and James Krueger, (Berlin: Walter De Gruyter, 2010), pp. 233-254.

"Nature and Nature’s God: The Religious Background of the Garden City Movement,” in Christian Scholars Review, Volume XXXVIII, Number 4, (Summer 2009), pp. 435-456.

"Context and Temporality: Heidegger’s View of the Person,” in Human Nature in Chinese and Western Culture, edited by Kelly James Clark and Chen Xia, Sichuan University Press, 2005, pp. 234-248 [in Chinese].

"How to Destroy the World Without Hurting Anyone: The Existential Import of Husserl’s Idealism,” in Fenomenologica Hoje, edited by R. T. De Souza and N. F. De Oliveira, (Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, 2001), pp. 121-135.

"Postmodernism as a Kind of Modernism: Nietzsche’s Critique of Knowledge,” in Christian Philosophy and Postmodern Thought, edited by Merold Westphal, (Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1999).

“Phenomenology and Logical Positivism,” in The Encyclopedia of Phenomenology, (Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997), pp. 425-430.

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